Lying in the most west part of the Tibet Autonomous Region, Ngari Prefecture is surrounded by Mounts of Himalayas and Gandise Mountains with an average elevation of about 4,500 meters and is called the “roof of the roof of the world”. Containing 7 counties, it has an area of about 300 thousand square km while a total population of only 77.3 thousand. It is the largest prefecture level administrative area in China, and the least populated area in the world.
This is a magic land. All mountains, rivers, history, cultural relics are shrouded in the sense of mystery. Snowy mountains, glaciers, alpine meadow, gobi deserts, rivers and lakes, pasture fields, clay forests and the roaming herds of wildlife have formed gorgeous natural scenery. The sacred lake Mapam Yumco and the holy Kangrinboqe peak – main peak of the Gandise Mountains, and the ruins of the ancient Guge Kingdom that has a history of more than 700 years have made Ngari a hot place for travel in the world.
Shiquanhe town is the capital of Ngari Prefecture. Nowadays, Shiquanhe town has become a thriving small town on the plateau with scores of thousands of residents. Here, shops and restaurants are along the two sides of the roads, public phones can be seen everywhere, and residence buildings and bungalows are standing in an orderly manner. All these changes have taken place in just recent several decades. Although the town is small, it is vigorous and prosperous against the background of open and wide gobi deserts. The trade center built up by the prefecture government with nearly US$200 thousand incessantly supplies the local people with the season vegetables and fruits transported from Lhasa and the whole Tibet.